In RI, the Race
for Results Index scores for Latino children were the lowest in the country
and Asian children in Rhode Island have higher Race for Results index scores
than African-American and Latino children
October 24, 2017 – Latino and
African-American children face systemic barriers to healthy development in
Rhode Island. That’s a key takeaway from a report released today by the Annie
E. Casey Foundation. 2017 Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity
for All Children compares how children of different racial and ethnic
groups are faring across the country on key indicators of children’s opportunities
at the state and national level.
policy report is the second to provide detailed data for children of all races
and in each state (the first Race for Results was released in 2014). The
Casey Foundation made a commitment to publishing Race for Results every
three years to track progress, with the hope that life chances for all kids
will continuously improve.
year’s Race for Results provides detailed data on disparities by race
and ethnicity that must be closed in order to improve outcomes for all children
and also includes recommendations to policymakers on addressing the specific
barriers immigrant children and children of immigrants face. In addition to
presenting data on disparities by race and ethnicity, the report also focuses
on the needs of children from immigrant families. “Children from Immigrant
families” is defined as children who are themselves foreign born or who reside
with at least one foreign-born parent.
Race for Results Index:
Measuring Developmental Milestones??The Race for Results report contains an index
that compares how children are progressing on key milestones across racial and
ethnic groups at the national and state level. The index is based on 12 key
indicators that measure a child’s success for each stage of life, grouped into
four areas: early childhood, education and early work, family supports, and
neighborhood context. The index calculates a single composite score for
each group based on a scale of one (lowest) to 1,000 (highest). Due to a change
in the data, 2014 indexes cannot be compared with 2017 indexes.
Rhode Island: Large Disparities by
Race and Ethnicity; Lowest Score for Latino Children in Nation ??Rhode
Island’s population of children is becoming more racially and ethnically
diverse. According to the 2010 US Census, 64% of children were non-Hispanic
White (down from 73% in 2000), 8% of children were Black or African American,
3% were Asian, 9% of children were identified as Some other race, and 7% as Two
or more races. In Rhode Island, the non-Hispanic White child population
declined by 21% between 2000 and 2010, while the Latino child population grew
by 31%. Latino children now make up 21% of the state’s child population.
?The Race for Results report
shows stark disparities among racial and ethnic groups in Rhode Island. African
American (414) and Latino (341) children continue to have significantly lower Race
for Results index scores than White (746) and Asian (679) children.
greater barriers to their success, Rhode Island’s African-American and Latino
children had lower rates of reading and math proficiency and lower educational
attainment. Both groups were also more likely to live in single-parent families
and were more likely to live in low-income families and high-poverty
neighborhoods than other racial and ethnic groups. Rhode Island’s index
score for Latino children was the lowest in the nation.
Latino students in Rhode Island faring worse than their peers comes as no
surprise," said Latino Policy Institute Director Gabriela Domenzain.
"What does, and what should be a wake-up call for all Rhode Islanders, is
what the Race for Results report shows: that a Latino student in Rhode
Island has the lowest chance of succeeding in the whole nation. Our next
steps as a state must be coordinated and urgent."
disparities that Race for Results show are extremely concerning,"
said Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Executive Director Elizabeth Burke Bryant. “Wide
gaps continue to exist between Latino and African American children and white
children, and these gaps will hold Rhode Island back in terms of our
educational and workforce goals and future prosperity.” She continued,
““The most alarming finding in this report is that Rhode Island’s Latino
children are ranked last in the nation on the basis of indicators in four key
areas of child well-being. Latino children now make up 21 % of the state’s child
population and 25 % of Rhode Island public school students —but only 20 % of
Latino fourth graders are reading at grade-level, and only 13 % of Latino
eighth graders have age appropriate math skills.”
access to high-quality early education, including child care, Pre-K, and Head
Start, will help give all students — especially low-income students, including
Latino and African American students, the support they need to arrive at school
ready for success.,” continued Bryant. “We also need to improve K-12 education
for all students and ensure high quality English Language Learning instruction.
Until recently, Rhode Island was one of only four states that did not include
designated English Language Learner funding. Fortunately ELL funding is now a
permanent part of the funding formula and we hope that increasing this funding
to support evidence-based programs for ELLs will help improve outcomes.”
to NAEP, Rhode Island students of color lag far behind their white peers. With
40% of all Rhode Island students being of color, this reality does not bode
well for the future of our state," said NAACP Providence Branch President
Jim Vincent. "Without a strong emphasis on equity at every public school,
our state will not become all that we would want it to be."
A National Perspective??Overall
in the U.S., the index shows that there has been improvement across the board
in the majority of the indicators, but still no racial group has all children
meeting all milestones and disparities still exist. Across the United States,
Asian and Pacific Islander children have the highest index score at 783,
followed by non-Latino White children at 713. Scores for Latino (429), American
Indian (413) and African American (369) children are lower, and this pattern
holds true in nearly every state. Nationally, Latino children from immigrant
families face obstacles on every measure included in this index with the
exception that they were more likely to live in two-parent households.
?Nationally, families from the
Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico face the biggest barriers to attaining
economic stability. In Rhode Island, 21 % of immigrant children were born
in Central or South America, and 25 % were born in the Caribbean.
data make it clear: for children of color, a person’s race is a leading barrier
to success in the United States,” said Nonet Sykes, the Casey Foundation’s
Director of Racial and Ethnic Equity and Inclusion. “With children of
immigrants comprising such a significant portion of the youth population, and
our future workforce, it is critically urgent that we ensure they grow up with
access to the support and resources needed to thrive.”
Recommendations for Improvement?
2014 Race for Results report offered policy recommendations that
included making use of racial and ethnic data to create policies and programs
and increased economic inclusion for vulnerable groups.
2017 edition expands on those recommendations to target the barriers facing
children in immigrant families:
families together and in their communities;
children in immigrant families meet key developmental milestones; and
economic opportunity for immigrant families.
The Casey Foundation believes in
using data to create policies that improve the well-being of all children
including children in immigrant families. Policymakers and leaders can use the
information in this report to improve the opportunities for all children.